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Pipelines enables creation of user-defined steps to extend the Pipelines DSL. 

Steps are discrete units of execution in a pipeline. The Pipelines DSL defines two sets of built-in step type:

  • Generic steps - For general-purpose execution, execute any series of shell commands for the supported runtime. For example: BashPowerShell.
  • Native steps - Perform a specific set of actions as an encapsulated unit. For example, DockerPushHelmDeploy.

Extension steps enable Pipelines users to extend the Pipelines DSL by specifying their own step types that, like native steps, perform an encapsulated action. When loaded into Pipelines, these user-defined steps can be used in any pipeline just like any other step in the Pipelines DSL.  In this way, teams and organizations can create and share their own re-usable, custom step types for actions frequently perform in their pipelines.

Extension steps are defined within a namespace, to ensure that all of steps in the set have unique names.

Extension steps are versioned, and can be invoked in pipelines by their semantic version number to help assure compatibility.

Page Contents


Extension step definitions must be stored in a subdirectory path of the form: steps/<namespace>/<stepTypeName>

  • namespace  is the namespace for the set of extension sets. This parent subdirectory may contain multiple step definition subdirectories.
  • stepTypeName is the named type of the step. Must be alphabetic characters only, and is case-sensitive. 

The subdirectory can hold the following files to define the step:

stepModel.ymlSyntax model for the step.Required




Shell script to be executed in the onExecute block. No user commands will be permitted.

onExecute.sh is required if:

  • Platforms tag is not set, in which case the default OS is Linux.
  • Platforms tag is set to Linux.
onExecute.ps1 is required if Platforms tag is set to Windows.




Shell script to be executed in the onSuccess block, in advance of user commands. No user commands will be permitted.Optional




Shell script to be executed in the onFailure block, in advance of user commands. No user commands will be permitted.Optional




Shell script to be executed in the onComplete block, in advance of user commands. No user commands will be permitted.Optional
ReadMe.mdDocumentation for the extension stepOptional

Icon graphic to represent the step type in the interactive diagram.           

If not provided, Pipelines will use the default icon for the step.


Extension step definitions are loaded from the source repository when it is configured in the Pipelines UI as an extension source.

For information on administering extension sources and extension version lifecycle staging, see Managing Pipelines Extensions.

Syntax Model

This is the syntax model for the step.

description: <string>		    # User can provide an optional description

platforms:						# optional
  - os: Linux
  - os: Windows

configuration:                  # array of properties
  <property name string>:
    type: <data type>           # required
	required: <boolean>			# optional
    validate:                   # optional
      <validation specifiction>

   # more property definitions

userDefinedDataType:             # array of data type definitions
  - type: <string>               # Defines a new data type
      - <string>:                # Specifies a property of the data type
        type: <data type>           # required
		required: <boolean>			# optional
        validate:                   # optional
          <validation specifiction>

   # more data type property definitions


You can define the following tags in the stepModel.yml file.


A user-friendly description of the resource's function that will be available for display in the Pipelines UI. This is optional.


Defines the operating system for the node where the step will execute. Linux and Windows operating systems are supported.

This tag is optional and Linux is the default operating system when this tag is not specified.

Based on the operating system, respective shell scripts (Bash and/or PowerShell) must be available. For Linux, onExecute.sh and for Windows, onExecute.ps1 scripts must be available. If both operating systems are mentioned, then both the scripts must be available.


Description of usage


osSpecifies the operating system. Linux and Windows are supported.Optional
os Examples
platforms:						# optional
  - os: Linux
  - os: Windows


A step extension inherits all of the same tags as the generic Bash step to specify scoped environment variables, runtimes, node pools, and other standard properties. It also inherits the tags for integrations , inputstepsinputresources and outputresources. In addition, a step extension can define other properties that will be unique to the step.

The configuration tag begins a block of property definitions. Each property definition begins with the name of the property (letters only, case-sensitive), followed by these subordinate tags:

TagDescription of usageRequired/Optional
type Specifies an inbuilt or user-defined data typeRequired

When set as true, specifies that the property is mandatory. If no value is provided, pipeline sync will fail.

Default is false.

validate Begins a validation specification blockOptional
configuration Examples
    type: Url
	required: true;
    type: Boolean
    type: Boolean
    type: String[]
      isRegex:  ["^[a-z]+$",'i']    # Each element in array is validated with this


Begins a set of user-defined data type specifications. User-defined data types specify property types with validation rules, and can be used as type values in the step's property definitions.

The tag syntax is the same as used for the Resource Model.

Shell Scripts

An extension step definition may include optional Bash shell or PowerShell scripts to be executed for the appropriate tags in step's the execution  blog. These scripts define the operation of the step.


When present in the step definition's repository directory, the onExecute.sh/onExecute.ps1 script is executed as the step's onExecute block. This should perform the primary function of the step.

The script must return a true value if the step succeeded, or false if it fails.

onExecute.sh Example
checkHealth() {
  local success=true
  local url=$(find_step_configuration_value "healthCheckUrl")
    local statusCode=$(curl --silent --output /dev/stderr --write-out "%{http_code}" "$url")
  } || exitCode=$?
  if test $statusCode -ne 200; then
    export success=false


execute_command checkHealth


When present in the step definition's repository directory, the onSuccess.sh/onSuccess.ps1 script is executed as part of the step's onSuccess block, in advance of user commands.

This script is executed when the onExecute script returns true.

onSuccess.sh Example
sendSuccessNotification() {
  local notifyOnSuccess=$(find_step_configuration_value "notifyOnSuccess")
  if [ -z "$notifyOnSuccess" ]; then
  if [ "$notifyOnSuccess" == "true" ]; then
    echo "Health check succeeded"

execute_command sendSuccessNotification


When present in the step definition's repository directory, the onFailure.sh/onFailure.ps1 script is executed as part of the step's onFailure block, in advance of user commands.

This script will be executed when the onExecute script returns false.

onFailure.sh Example
sendFailNotification() {
  local notifyOnFailure=$(find_step_configuration_value "notifyOnFailure")
  if [ -z "$notifyOnFailure" ]; then
  if [ "$notifyOnFailure" == "true" ]; then
    echo "Health check failed"

execute_command sendFailNotification


When present in the step definition's repository directory, the onComplete.sh/onComplete.ps1 script is executed as part of the step's onComplete block, in advance of user commands.

For example:

onComplete.sh Example
echo "All done!"
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