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Overview

Artifactory supports CocoaPods repositories on top its existing support for advanced artifact management.

Artifactory support for CocoaPods provides:

  1. The ability to provision CocoaPods packages from Artifactory to the pod command line tool from local and remote repositories.
  2. Calculation of Metadata for pods hosted in Artifactory's local repositories.
  3. Access to remote CocoaPods Specs repositories (such as https://github.com/CocoaPods/Specs) through Remote Repositories which provide the usual proxy and caching functionality.
  4. The ability to assign access privileges according to projects or development teams.

Page Contents


Configuration

Local Repositories

To enable calculation of CocoaPods package metadata set CocoaPods to be the Package Type when you create your local CocoaPods repository.

New CocoaPods Local Repository

Deploying Pods

The CocoaPods client does not provide a way to deploy packages and mostly (though not only) relies on a Git repository to host the pod's code.

To deploy a pod into Artifactory, you need to use Artifactory's REST API or the Web UI.

A pod is a simple tar.gz file which contains your project code as well as a .podspec or .podspec.json file describing the package metadata.

Pod filetypes

Although more extensions are supported by the client, the Artifactory CocoaPods local repositories currently only support pods that are archived as tar.gz

Remote Repositories

The public CocoaPods Specs repo does not contain any actual binary packages; it is a git repository containing podspec.json files pointing from a package name and version to its storage endpoint.
Since the majority of the packages are hosted on GitHub, you need to create a Remote Repository which serves as a caching proxy for github.com.  If necessary, you can do the same for bitbucket.org or any other remote repository you want to access.

Working with Stash?

If your packages are hosted on Bitbucket (formerly Stash), you need to ensure that the Stash Archive Plugin is installed on your Bitbucket server.

Artifacts (such as tar.gz files) requested from a remote repository are cached on demand. You can remove downloaded artifacts from the remote repository cache, however you can not manually deploy artifacts to a remote repository. 

To define a remote repository to proxy github.com as well as the public Specs repo follow the steps below:

  1. Create a new remote repository and set CocoaPods to be its Package Type
  2. Set the Repository Key value, and enter https://github.com in the URL field as displayed below
    CocoaPods Remote Repository

  3. In the CocoaPods Settings  section, select GitHub as the Git Provider, and leave the leave the default Registry URL (https://github.com/CocoaPods/Specs). 
    Finally, click "Save & Finish"


Specs Repo URL

Usually, you will point the Specs Repo URL field at the public Specs repo as displayed above.

However, if you are using a private Specs repo - set the URL to be the same as the the one configured in the URL field.

If the remote URL is an Artifactory instance you need to append it's url with /api/pods/<repo> i.e. http://art-prod.company.com/artifactory/api/pods/pods-local

Private Bitbucket server

Working with a private Bitbucket server? set the "Git Provider" to be Stash, and not Bitbucket. The public Bitbucket endpoint answers some API calls that a private Bitbucket server doesn't, hence, it is important to set the Git Provider to be Stash when working with a private Bitbucket server. In this case, the URL field should be the root of your Bitbucket server, and the Specs Repo URL should be the full URL to the Specs repo in Bitbucket.

 


Using the Pod Command Line

CocoaPods repositories must be prefixed with api/pods in the path

When accessing a CocoaPods repository through Artifactory, the repository URL must be prefixed with api/pods in the path. This applies to the pod repo-art add command.

For example, if you are using Artifactory standalone or as a local service, you would access your CocoaPods repositories using the following URL:

http://localhost:8081/artifactory/api/pods/<repository key>

Or, if you are using Artifactory SaaS, the URL would be:

https://<server name>.jfrog.io/<server name>/api/pods/<repository key>

Artifactory has been updated to work seamlessly with the latest version of the CocoaPods client from version 0.39.0

Using cocoapods-art

In order to use CocoaPods with Artifactory, you need the cocoapods-art plugin which presents Artifactory repositories as Specs repos and pod sources.

You can download the cocoapods-art plugin as a Gem, and its sources can be found on  GitHub.

To use Artifactory with CocoaPods, execute the following steps:

  1.  Install the cocoapods-art plugin:

    gem install cocoapods-art

    Using Hombrew?

    We recommend installing both the CocoaPods client and the cocoapod-art plugin as gems. Installing with Homebrew may cause issues with the CocoaPods hooks mechanism that the plugin relies on.

  2. The next step is to add an Artifactory repository by using the pod 'repo-art add' command:

    pod repo-art add <local_specs_repo_name> http://localhost:8081/artifactory/api/pods/<repository_key>


  3. Once the repository is added, add the following in your Podfile:

    Adding an Artifactory source in the Podfile
    plugin 'cocoapods-art', :sources => [
            '<local_specs_repo_name>'
        ]

 

Working without the Master repository?

If you have removed the CocoaPods Master repository from your system, due to a known issue with the CocoaPods stats plugin, you need to add the following to your Podfile, or add the corresponding variable to your environment:

 ENV['COCOAPODS_DISABLE_STATS'] = 'true'

For details, please refer to JFrog Jira

Where the local repo name is the name you gave the specs repo locally when adding it.

pod repo-art commands

The cocoapods-art plugin exposes most commands that are normally invoked with pod repo (i.e. add, update, list etc.). Use pod repo-art instead of pod repo whenever dealing with Artifactory-backed Specs repositories.

CocoaPods local Specs repos location

~/.cocoapods/repos

Once the pod command line tool is configured, every pod install command will fetch pods from the CocoaPods repository specified above. 

Synchronizing the cocoapods-art Plugin's repositories with Artifactory

As opposed to the cocoapods client's default behavior, the cocoapods-art plugin does not automatically update its index whenever you run client commands (such as install). To keep your plugin's index synchronized with your CocoaPods repository, you need to update it by executing the following command:

pod repo-art update

Working with Artifactory without Anonymous Access

By default, Artifactory allows anonymous access to CocoaPods repositories. This is defined under Security | General Configuration. For details please refer to Allow Anonymous Access.
If you want to be able to trace how users interact with your repositories you need to uncheck the Allow Anonymous Access setting. This means that users will be required to enter their username and password.
Unfortunately, the pod command line tool does not support authentication against http endpoints. The cocoapods-art plugin solves this by forcing curl (which pod uses for all http requests) to use the .netrc file:

.netrc file example
machine art-prod.company.com
login admin
password password

Since Artifactory also supports basic authentication using your API key, you could use that instead of your password:

.netrc file using your API key
machine art-prod.company.com
login admin
password AKCp2TfQM58F8FTkXo8qSJ8NymwJivmagefBqoJeEBQLSHCZusEH6Z2dmhS1siSxZTHoPPyUW

Use an encrypted password

We recommend using an encrypted password instead of clear-text. For details, please refer to Centrally Secure Passwords.


Cleaning Up the Local Pod Cache

The pod client saves caches of pods that were downloaded, as well as metadata.
We recommend removing the CocoaPods caches (both packages and metadata responses) before using Artifactory for the first time. This is to ensure that your caches only contain elements that are due to requests from Artifactory and not directly from other Specs repos.

To clear the pod cache use:

Clean Pod Cache
pod cache clean